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A wine bottle is a bottle used for holding wine, generally made of glass. Some wines are fermented in the bottle, others are bottled only after fermentation.
Recently, the bottle has become a standard unit of volume to describe sales in the wine industry, measuring 750 ml.However, bottles are produced in a variety of volumes and shapes.
Wine bottles are usually sealed with cork, but screw-top caps are becoming popular, and there are several other methods used to seal a bottle.
Wine producers in Portugal, Italy, Spain, France and Germany follow the tradition of their local areas in choosing the shape of bottle most appropriate for their wine.
Port, sherry, and Bordeaux varieties: straight-sided and high-shouldered with a pronounced punt. Port and sherry bottles may have a bulbous neck to collect any residue.
Burgundies and Rhône varieties: tall bottles with sloping shoulders and a smaller punt.
Schlegel variety, predominantly used in German wine growing regions: similar to Burgundy bottles, but more slender and elongated.
Rhine (also known as hock or hoch), Mosel, and Alsace varieties: narrow and tall with little or no punt.
Champagne and other sparkling wines: thick-walled and wide with a pronounced punt and sloping shoulders.
German wines from Franconia: the Bocksbeutel bottle.
The Chianti and some other Italian wines: the fiasco, a round-bottomed flask encased in a straw basket. This is more often used for everyday table wines; many of the higher-grade Chianti producers have switched to Bordeaux-type bottles.
Many North and South American, South African, and Australasian wine producers select the bottle shape with which they wish to associate their wines. For instance, a producer who believes his wine is similar to Burgundy may choose to bottle his wine in Burgundy-style bottles.
Other producers (both in and out of Europe) have chosen idiosyncratic bottle styles for marketing purposes. Pere-Anselme markets its Châteauneuf-du-Pape in bottles that appear half-melted. The Moselland company of Germany has a riesling with a bottle in the shape of a house cat.
The home wine maker may use any bottle, as the shape of the bottle does not affect the taste of the finished product. The sole exception is in producing sparkling wine, where thicker-walled bottles should be used to handle the excess pressure.
Most wine bottles standards have a bore (inner neck) diameter of 18.5 at the mouth of the bottle and increase to 21 mm before expanding into the full bottle.
Notes and references
1. a b Johnson, Hugh (2004). The Story of Wine. Sterling Publishing. ISBN 1-84000-972-1.
2. Jackson, Ron (1997). Conserve Water, Drink Wine: Recollections of a Vinous Voyage of Discovery. Haworth Press. ISBN 1-56022-864-4.
3. MacNeil, Karen (2001). The Wine Bible. Workman. ISBN 1-56305-434-5.
4. Wine 101 :: AWinestore.com[dead link]
5. "Jeroboam Wine Facts". Retrieved 2008-12-26.
6. "Champagne Bottle Sizes". Retrieved 7 March 2012.
7. Fisher, Lawrence M. (1991-08-02). "Lead Levels in Many Wines Exceed U.S. Standards for Water - NYTimes.com". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
8. [dead link]
9. "30 Second Wine Advisor". wineloverspage.com. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
10. "Justia :: 21 C.F.R. § 189.301 Tin-coated lead foil capsules for wine bottles". Law.justia.com. 1996-02-08. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
11. This may be more historical than a functional attribute, since most modern wines contain little or no sediment. (MacNeil 2001)
12. a b "Punt Wine Bottle Indentation". Wineintro.com. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
13. Hickman, Leo (2006-05-09). "Is it OK ... to drink wine?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-11-22.
14. "The WRAP Wine Initiative". Retrieved 2011-9-14.
15. Lamb, Garth. "Carbon copy". Waste Management & Environment. Retrieved 2007-11-22. "If wine was imported in bulk vats and then bottled locally, the market for the most beneficial recycling option would increase."
16. "New Wine Bottle Project" (Press release). British Glass. 15 September 2006. Retrieved 2007-11-22.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Wine_bottle", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.